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Famous Carnatic Composers


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Photo courtesy of Bhajana Sampradaya.
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AaNDaaL - (7th century A.D.) She was the only woman among the 12 Vaishnava (believers in Vishnu) Saints known as Aazhvaars. Her Tiruppaavai consists of 30 very devotional songs, regularly sung early in the morning during the Tamil month of Maargazhi (December-January) in Tamil NaaDu.

Also known as "SoodikkoDuta Naaciyaai," she was determined all her life to marry only Lord Vishnu, the Lord of Shreerangam. The story goes that her father, a priest, was keeping aside flower garlands for the Lord, only to find that the garlands had long black hairs in them. Of course, they couldn't be used to garland the Lord in the temple, and the priest was distraught. One day the garland was actually missing, and when he went home, to his surprise, AaNDaaL was wearing the garland and admiring herself in the mirror shyly - if she is Lord Vishnu's beloved, they are one, and the garland was hers.

AaNDaaL's 30 songs express the desire of unmarried young women to get suitable bridegrooms. Considering herself one of the unmarried shepherdesses, she desires Krishna for her husband, and hence portrays herself going out to meet him after taking an early morning bath along with the other shepherdesses. She also includes beautiful descriptions of nature.

She also composed another 143 songs called "Naaciyar tiru mozhi," which describe her intense love for Krishna. Her life is said to have been an inspiration for "Tiruvempaavaai" by MaaNickavaasagar.

Mudra:

Compositions:

  1. am kaN mA jnyAlattu - yamunAkalyANi
  2. ambaramE taNNIrE - yamunAkalyANi
  3. anru ivvulagam - kurinji
  4. Azhi mazhai - varALi
  5. ellE iLam - bEgaDa
  6. Etra kalangaL - nAdanAmakriyA
  7. kanaittu iLam - kEdAragauLa
  8. karavaigaL pin - kAmbhOji
  9. karpUram nArumO - khamAs
  10. kATrukkaravai - husEni
  11. kIchukI senru - bhairavi
  12. kIzh vAnam - kApi/sArangA
  13. kUDArai vellum - pUrvikalyANi
  14. kuttu viLakkeriya - shahAnA
  15. maayanai mannu - shree
  16. mAlE maNivaNNA - kuntalavarALi
  17. mArgazhi tingaL - nATa
  18. mAri malai - punnAgavarALi
  19. mAyanai mannu - shrI
  20. muppattu mUvar - cenjuruTi
  21. nacciyaar tirumozhi (vaaraNam aayiram) -
  22. nAyakanAi ninra - mOhana
  23. nOTru svargam - tODi
  24. Ongi ulagaLanda - Arabhi
  25. orutti maghanAi - behAg
  26. puLLin vAi - aThANA
  27. puLLum silambina - shankarAbharaNa
  28. shiTram shiru - malayamAruta
  29. tUmani mADattu - kalyANi
  30. undumada kaLiTran - sAvEri
  31. ungaL puzhakkaDai - Anandabhairavi
  32. vaiyyattu vAzh - gauLa
  33. vangak kaDal - shuruTTi
  34. vangak-kaDal - suraTi
  35. vAraNam Ayiram - rAgamAlikA


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updated on 06/06/2016