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Famous Carnatic Composers - VK


Veenai Kuppaiyyar - 1798-c.1904) Vina Kuppayyar, a distinguished disciple of Tyagaraja was a genius. Born of Sambamurthi Sastri, Kuppa Ayyar had his training under his father and became a versatile vidwan both in vocal and on the veena. Veena Kuppayyar was honoured with the title of 'Gana Chakravarthi'. Sambamurthi Sastri was a famous vocalist and vainika and people would say, 'Sambadu (Sambamurthi) should sing and Sambadu (Lord Siva) should listen' - Sambadu Vayinchavala, Sambadu Vinavala. As was the father, so was the son in the field of music. A scholar in Sanskrit, Telugu, Kuppayyar was a genius in composing bhajan - divyanama kirtanas, varnas, kritis and tillanas. He was versatile on the violin also. His creative abilities were remarkable and being deeply devoted to his family deity, he adopted 'Gopaladasa' as his signature.

Veena Kuppayyar became a disciple under Tyagaraja. One day, he was playing on the veena of his guru surreptitiously in his absence. When Tyagaraja entered, he was suprised to hear captivating music and brilliant play on veena with remarkable felicity and competent fingering. When he found that the player was none other than his own disciple, he was most agreeably astonished. He immensely liked the disciple and pleased him by going over to his house at Tiruvottiyur and singing 'Venugopalaloluni' (Kedaragoula) in praise of the family deity of Kuppayyar; and also by staying at the Madras house of Kovur Sundara Mudaliar, where Kuppayyar enjoyed the status of asthana vidwan, for seven days and made a magnificient display of the potential and intricacies of Devagandhari raga.

From Tiruvottiyur, Kuppayyar shifted to Muthialpet in Madras. His fame and popularity were such that eminent musicians like Vadivelu of Thanjavur used to visit him frequently and take part in festivals and bhajans conducted by him regularly. Like Maha Vaidyanatha Ayyar he kept a big retinue of disciples, undergoing gurukulavasa at his house (free accomodation, food, dress, education and training - all included). His son Tiruvottiyur Tyagayyar, Kothavasal Venkatarama Ayyar, Sitaramayya and Fiddle Ponnuswami Pillai were among his disciples. Kuppayyar's compositions include-

Intaparakelanamma - Begada.

Varnams:
Begada - Adi tala - Inta Chalamu
Bilahari - Adi tala - Inta Chouka
Danyasi - Khanda Ata - Nenarunchi

Mudra: GOpaaladaasa

Compositions:

  1. bAgu mIraganu - shankarAbharaNa
  2. birAna nannu brOva - hamsadhvani
  3. brOvanu rArA - bEgaDa
  4. calamEla - dEshyatODi
  5. ElarA nAtO - kIravANi
  6. I tanuvunu - dEshyatODi
  7. inta calamu (varNa) - bEgaDa
  8. inta cauka (varNa) - bilahari
  9. inta kOpamElarA (varNa) - rAgamAlikA
  10. inta kOpamElaraa (varNam) - raagamaalika
  11. inta parAkElanamma - bEgaDa
  12. inta parAmukhamElarA - bilahari
  13. iTuvaNTi bAdhala - madhyamAvati
  14. iTuvaNTi samayAna - sAranga
  15. jagadbhi rAmA - kAnaDA
  16. janani nannu brOva (varNa) - bauLi
  17. jO jO jO dEvi - kEdAragauLa
  18. kaddu lEdani - jayanArAyaNi
  19. kalikEti durlabamu - pUrvi
  20. kanikaramu lEka - Anandabhairavi
  21. kanna taNDri - kuntalavarALi
  22. koniyaaDina naapai - kaambhOji
  23. kOpamElarA - behAg
  24. kOri kOri - bEgaDa
  25. mA pati - kApijingala
  26. mA ramaNu - rItigauLa
  27. maguva ninnE - nArAyaNagauLa
  28. mammu brOcu - simhEndramadhyam
  29. manavyAla kimpavadEmi - khamAs
  30. mATADa rAdA - nATakuranji
  31. mOmu jUpaga - gauri
  32. mOsa bOkavE - khamAs
  33. nannu brOcEvArevvarE - nArAyaNagauLa
  34. nannu brOvAnika - mukhAri
  35. nArAyaNa nI - yamunAkalyANi
  36. nenerunci nannElukOrA (varNa) - dhanyAsi
  37. nEramEmirA nE - nAdanAmakriyA
  38. neranammitirA - darbAr
  39. nI sahAyamulEni - dEvagAndhAri
  40. ninnE kOri (varNa) - sArangA
  41. ninnu nera - suraTi
  42. ninunera nammitirA - suraTi
  43. nIvE dikkani - darbAr
  44. paDDa bhATu - bilahari
  45. pAlimpavE nannu - hEmavati
  46. pAlincu gOpAla - husEni
  47. palumAru nAtO (varNa) - gauLa
  48. paradEvi nI pAdamulE - suraTi
  49. parAku mIraganu - shankarAbharaNa
  50. parama dayAnidhE - aThANA
  51. paramAtmuni - khamAs
  52. prAkrta janulatO - varALi
  53. saami ninnE kOri (varNam) - shankaraabharaNam
  54. sAmi ninnE kOri (varNa) - shankarAbharaNa
  55. sArasAkSi ninnE (varNa) - kAmbhOji
  56. sarOjAkSa nI - sAvEri
  57. shrI nAthA (varNa) - nATa
  58. shrI pati - kApi
  59. shrIkarambuka - kAmbhOji
  60. talli nAmIda - suraTi
  61. tAmasamElanamma - kAmbhOji
  62. telisi teliya - kEdAragauLa
  63. vanjAkSA (varNa) - rItigauLa


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updated on 02/25/2016