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Equivalent (and Near-Equivalent) Ragas in Hindustani and Carnatic Music


The hindustaani equivalent of a mELaa is called a thaaT. All hindustaani ragas are classified under 10 thaaTs. Names in brackets are mELaa names. The thaaTs are as follows:

    1. kalyaaN (mEcakalyaaNi)
    2. bilaaval (dheera shankaraabharaNam)
    3. khamaaj (harikaambhOji)
    4. bhairav (maayamaaLava gowLa)
    5. bhairavi (tODi)
    6. asaavEri (naTabhairavi)
    7. tODi (shubhapantuvaraaLi)
    8. poorvi (pantuvaraaLi)
    9. maarvaa (gamanaashrama)
    10. kaafi (kharaharapriyaa)

What follows is a table of raagaas, which are the scales in Indian music, or the set of notes used in any given piece. First is the hindustani (north Indian) raagaa, followed by its equivalent/near equivalent raagaa in carnaaTic music. For each raga, the thaaT and the mELakartaa or mELaa scales, notations of the main or raga from which the derivative or janya raagaa is formed, are also given.

Where carnaaTic raagaas are separated by a slash , the first raga is aarOha (ascending scale) and the second raga is the avarOha (descending scale).


ThatHindustani RagaMelaCarnatic Raga
10abhOgi kAnadA 22aabhOgi
1adbhut kalyAN29nirOSTa
2alahiya bilAval29bilahari
9ambikA59dharmavati
1Anandi,
AnandkalyAN,
nand
65Anandi,
AnandkalyANi,
nand
6asAvri20naTabhairavi
2auDhava bilAval 29LalitA
10bAgEshrI22bAgEshrI
10bAgEshrIkAnaDA 22kAnaDA
10bahAr 22kAnaDA
4bairAgibhairav2 rEvati
4 bangalAbhairav 15 kannaDabangALA
4 basantmukhAri14 vasantamukhAri
2 behAg 29 behAg
4 bhairav 15 mAyAmAlavagauLa
5 bhairavi 8 sindhubhairavi
2 bhaTiyAri 28 cHAyAtarangiNi,
sAmA
2 bhImpalAsi 20 bhImpalAs,
karnATakadEvagAndhAri
1 bhUpali,
bhUp
28 mOhana
1 bhUpkalyAN 65 mOhanakalyANi
4 bibhAs 15 bibhAsu,
bauLi
2 bilAval 29 dhIrashankarAbharaNa,
shankarAbharaNam
10 brndAvanisArang22 puSpalatikA
3 campak 28 balahamsa
1,3 campAkali 64 kEtakapriyA
10 candrakauns 21 kadaram
1 chAyA29,65 bEgaDa/sAranga
8 dIpak 51 dIpaka
3 dEs28 dEs
3 dEsgauD 28 dEsyagauLa
3 dEshAkSi28 bilahari
2 dEshkAr 28 mOhana
4 dEvaranji 15 dEvaranji
10 dhanAshri (bhImpalAs anga) 22 karnaTakadEvagAndhAri
5 dhanAshri (tODi anga) 8 dhanyAsi
6 darbArikAnaDA 22 darbArikAnaDA
2 durgA 29 shuddhasAvEri,
madhuradhvani
3 gArA 22 dhanakApi
4 gauri 15 gauri
4 girijA 17 vasantA
10 gOpikAmbhOdi 20 gOpikAvasanta
10 gauNDgiri 22 puSpalatikA,
suddhadhanyAsi
1 hamIrkalyAN 65 hamIrkalyANi
2 hamsadhvani 29 hamsadhvani
1 hamskalyAN 29/65 hamsadhvani/kalyANi
2 hEmkalyAN 29 bEgaDA
2 hEmant 29 hEmant
1 hindOl
sAnjh
65 sunAdavinOdini
8 indumati 51 indumati
9 jait (type 4) 53 gamanAshrama
1 jaitkalyAN 28 mOhana
10 jaijaivanti22 dvIjavanti,
jIjavanti
10 jayant 22 jayantasEnA
6 jIvanpuri,
jOnpuri
20 jOnpuri,
shuddhadEsi
10 jhinjOTi 28 jinjUTi
4 jOgiyA,
guNakrI
15 sAvEri
3 kalAvati 16 valaji
1 kalyAN,
yaman
65 mEcakalyANi,
kalyANi
3 khamAj 28 harikAmbhOji
4 kamalamanOhari 27 kamalamanOhari
10 kAfi22 kharaharapriyA
6 kOkilapancham 8 prabhupriyA
2 kEdAra29 nIlAmbari
3 khamAjI 28 khamAjI
3 khambAvati28 balahamsa
8 kusumaranjani15 gauLipantu
2 lAjvanti29 shuddhasAvEri
9 lalit17/53 sUryalalit
4 lalitpancam 15 lalitapancama
10 madhmadsArang,
madhyamadisArang
22 madhyamAvati
10 madhuranjani 36
22
gambhIranATa
shuddhadhanyAsi
9 madhuvanti59 dharmavati
5 mAlkauns 20 hindOLa
1 malarANi60 hamsanAda
6 mAlkali 20 jayantashrI
2 mAND 29 mAND
2 manOhari 22 manOhari
1 mArgabehAg65 shuddhakOshala
9 mArva 53 gamanAshramA
4 mEgharanji 15 mEgharanjani
7 multAni 45 gamakasAmantam
3 nAgasvari 28 nAgasvarALi
3 nArAyaNi28 nArAyaNi
4 naTbhairav 27 sarasAngi
3 nATakuranji 28 nATakuranji
10 palAsi 22 puSpalatikA
rudrapriya
5 pancam mAlkauns 20 jayantashrI
9 paraj 15 paraju,
paras
10 paTadIp 22 paTadIp
10 paTamanjari 22 phalamanjari
10 pIlU 22 pIlU
9 pUria53 hamsAnandi
9 pUriAdhanshrI 51 kAmavardhini
8 pUrvi 51 kAmavardhini
9 pUrvakalyAN53 pUrvikalyANi
3 pratApavarALi28 pratApavarALi
3 puNDalIka 28 nAgavalli
3 rAgEshrI28 ravicandrikA
2 salang 29 skandamanOramA
1 sarasvati 64 sarasvati
4 saurASTrabhairav 17 saurAStra
10 shahAnA 22 ShahAnA
2 shankara 29 shankara
10 sindhUrA22 saLagabhairavi
6 shObhAvari 20 sutAdri
1 shrIkalyAn 64 sarasvati
2 shuddha bilAval 29 shankarAbharaNa
1 shuddha kalyAN 65 mOhanakalyANi
6 sindhubhairavi 10 sindhubhairavi
9 sOhini53 hamsAnandi
3 sOraT 28 suraTi
3 suhAkAnaDA 28 puSpalatikA
3 sUryakauns23 kamalA
4 takkA 15 takkA
3 tilak kAmOd 27 nalinakAnti
3 tilang 30 tilang
7 tODi 45 shubhapantuvarALi
9 varaTi52 paTalAmbari
9 vibhAvari 14 lasaki
1 yamankalyAN65 yamunAkalyANi


Next: Close raagas

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updated on 07/21/2011