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Famous Carnatic Composers - SMB


Subramanya Bhaaratiyaar - Subramanya Bharathiyar is a renowned poet from Southern India. He composed poems and songs in the Dravidian language Tamil, which have gained popularity in schools, movies, and households across India over the years. His poetry is known for its appeal to the liberty and strength of the people.

As a person, Bharathiyar was a simple man, interested in his writing alone. His wife would leave the house to bring food somehow, while he wrote and brought in little income for the poor family. However, his writings have earned him the title "Mahakavi," or "Great Poet."

Born to Chinnaswaamy Aiyyar and Lakshmi AmmaaL in 1882 at ETTayapuram, he lost his mother at 5, and at 11 was invited to a conference of ETTayapuram court poets and musicians. There he was given the title Bhaarati for his ability to compose poems and songs - he accepted a challenge and composed a cindu on the model of kaavaDi cindu of Annaamalai Reddiyaar. At 15 he married CellammaaL and in 1898, his father died.

At 22, he became Tamil teacher at Setupati High School in Madurai and the same year was appointed Assistant Editor of a daily newspaper called "Swadesamitran." In 1906, he was editor of a weekly magazine called "India" in Madras and the next year a friend of his, Krishnaswaamy Aiyyar received from him songs he had composed on patriotism and published them, titled "SudEsa geetangaL." In 1908 the government wanted to arrest him, but he escaped to PonDicerry (under French rule) and published "India" from there. In 1912 he translated the Bhagavad Geeta into Tamil and composed songs on Krishna (KaNNan PaaTTu), "Kuyil," and "Pancaali Shabadam" (on Draupadi of the Mahaabhaarata). When he left PonDicerry in 1918, he was arrested and later released.

His national integration songs earned him the title "DEsiya Kavi" (National Poet). He composed Tamil keertanais on love, devotion, fearlessness, mysticism. His stepbrother C. Vishwanaata Aiyyar and V.V.S. Aiyyar tell us that he himself set his songs to music and could sing them well in a variety of raagams. In "Bharata dEviyin tiru dasangam" he used 10 raagams. His patriotic songs emphasize nationalism, unity of India, equality of man and the greatness of the Tamil language, set himself to folk tunes. He sang these himself at Congress meetings at the Madras beach.

In an article "Sangeeta Vishayam" (Issues in Music), Bhaaratiyaar rebukes musicians for singing songs of the Trinity, PaTnam Subramania Aiyyar and others without knowing the meaning because the songs are all in Sanskrit or Telegu. Without knowing the meaning, singers are unable to sing with proper expression. He also says songs usually portray devotion and love and not other emotions like courage, anger, wonder, fear, and hatred. He emphasized that musicians should not sing songs which they don't understand and should learn from Hindustani musicians how to train their voices. He died in an accident on September 11, 1921 at 39.

Mudra:

Compositions:

  1. aadip-paramporuLin - aabhOgi
  2. aaDuvOmE paLLu paaDuvOmE - dEsh
  3. aanmaavaana gaNapatiyin - hamsadwani
  4. aashai mukham marandu - jOnpuri
  5. bhaarata dEsham - punnaagavaraaLi
  6. bhaarata samudaayam - yamunaa kalyaaNi
  7. bhaktiyinaalE - kaambhOji
  8. bhooloka kumaari - amritavarshini
  9. candiranoLiyil - lalita
  10. chandiranoLiyil - lalitaa
  11. chinnam shirukkiLiyE - rAgamAlikA
  12. cinnanjiru kiLiyE - raagamaalika
  13. dEhi mudam - khamAs
  14. dEhi mutham - kamaas
  15. dikku teriyaada kaaTTil - hindustaani tODi
  16. dillit-thurukkar - naadanaamakriya
  17. dillit-turukkar - nAdanAmakriyA
  18. ellai illaadadOr - raagamaalika
  19. endaiyum taayum - kaambhOji
  20. engaL kaNNammaa - shenjuruTTi
  21. engaL vELvi - naadanaamakriyaa
  22. engirundu varuguvadO - hindustAnitODi
  23. engirunthu varuguvathO - hindustaani tODi
  24. enru pirandavaL - mOhana
  25. enru piranthavaL - mOhanam
  26. enru taNiyum - khamAs
  27. enru thaNiyum - kamaas
  28. ettanai kOTi inbam - dhanyaasi
  29. innum orumurai - bhooshaavaLi
  30. iyarkai enrunai - bilahari
  31. iyarkkai enrunai - bilahari
  32. jaya bhErikai - shankaraabharaNam
  33. jeyamuNDu bhayamillai - kamaas
  34. kaakkai shiraginilE - yadukulakaambhOji
  35. kaalaa unai naan - cakravaakam
  36. kaalamaam vanattil - aanandabhairavi
  37. kaaNi nilam vENDum - raagamaalika
  38. kAdal kAdal kAdal - shankaraabharaNam
  39. kaiyai shakthi thanakke - bhoopaaLam
  40. kaiyai shakti tanakke - bhUpALa
  41. kalA unnai nAn - cakravAka
  42. kanavenna kanave - shree
  43. kanigaL koNDu tarum - varaaLi
  44. kannan mana nilaiyai - raagamaalika
  45. kaNNan pirandaan - saaranga taarangini
  46. kannan thiruvadi - aarabi
  47. kaNNan tiruvaDi - Arabhi
  48. karumbu tOttathile - saindhavi
  49. karumbu tOTTattilE - saindhavi
  50. karuthiyin kaN - bhoopaaLam
  51. maalaippozhudil oru mEdaimishaiyE - naadanaamakriyaa
  52. malarin mevu - naaTTai
  53. Manamenum peNNE - jayantasEna
  54. mannar kulathiniDai - nAdanAmakriyA
  55. mannar kulattiniDai - nAdanAmakriyA
  56. mannum imaya malay - bhUpALam
  57. murugaa murugaa - nATTai kurinji
  58. naam enna sheivom - punnAgavarALi
  59. naaTTilengum - daNDaka
  60. nenju porukkudillaiye - dvijAvanti
  61. nenjukku neetiyum - sindu bhairavi
  62. nEram mighundadinnum' - nAdanAmakriyA
  63. nEram migundadinnum - nAdanAmakriyA
  64. ninnai sharaNaDaindEn - punnAgavarALi
  65. ninnaiye rathi enru - shankarAbharaNam
  66. nInnaiyE rati enru - shankarAbharaNa/sindhubhairavi
  67. nirppaduve - simhEndra madhyamam
  68. nittam unai vendi - cakravAkam
  69. Om shakti Om shakti - kAmbhOji
  70. Om shakti shakti enru - dhanyAsi
  71. paarukkuLLE nalla naadu - hindustAni tODi
  72. paayum oLi - AbhOgi
  73. paccai kuzhandaiyaDi - Anandabhairavi
  74. pachai kuzhandaiyaDi - Ananda bhairavi
  75. pachai maNikkiLiyE - rAgamAlikA
  76. paghaivanukk=karuLvAi - rAgamAlikA
  77. paghaivanukku aruLvAi - rAgamAlikA
  78. pEyaai uzhalum - vINAdhAri
  79. pEyavaL kaaN - AbhOgi
  80. piLLai praayattilE - rAgamAlikA
  81. ponnavir mEni - punnAgavarALi
  82. pooTTai tirappadu - Ahiri
  83. saattirangaL pala - punnAgavarALi
  84. shaagaa varam - dharmAvati,varam
  85. shendamizh naaDennum - kAmbhOji
  86. shenradini meeLaadu - shankarAbharaNam
  87. sholla vallaayO - behAg
  88. shuttum vizhi shudar - shenjuruTTi
  89. taka taka taka - behAg
  90. tanjam ulaginil - punnAgavarALi
  91. tEDi shOru nidam - sahAnA
  92. teeraada viLaiyaaTTu piLLai - raagamaalika
  93. teerthak-karaiyinilE - shenjuruTTi
  94. thee vaLarthiDuvOm - punnAgavarALi
  95. tIrAda viLaiyATTuppiLLai - kEdAra/rAgamAlika
  96. tooNDirp-puzhuvinaippOl - shenjuruTTi
  97. unaiyE maiyyal - kharaharapriyA
  98. unaiyE mayal - kharaharapriyA
  99. uNmai arindavar - kalyANavasanta/kAmbhOji
  100. uNmai arinthavar - kalyANa vasantam,kAmbhOji
  101. vaanulagu neer - amritavarshini
  102. vaiyya muzhudum - jyOtisvarUpiNi
  103. vaiyya muzhuthum - jyOtiswarUpiNi
  104. vandE maataram - raagamaalika
  105. vandE maataram enbOm - nAdanAmakriyA
  106. vandE maataram jaya jaya - hindustAni behAg
  107. varuvaai varuvaai - tODi
  108. veLLait-taamarai - Anandabhairavi
  109. vendumadi eppOdum - nATTai,gambhIranATTai
  110. vetri ettu dikkum - mOhanam
  111. viddaikkiraivaa - gowLa
  112. viDuthalai viDuthalai - bilahari
  113. villainaiyotta paruvam - punnAgavarALi
  114. villinaiyottha paruvam - punnAgavarALi
  115. yaadumaagi ninraai - nIlAmbari


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updated on 02/21/2016