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Carnatic Glossary B - listed here are terms beginning with B. If you find a Carnatic term that isn't listed, just send a note.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

bana - the 5th cakra, with melakartas that contain M1, R2, and G3, comprising numbers 25-30

baani - bAni means mould, but refers to a particular style of playing, characteristic of a pedigree of musicians, similar to the Hindustani gharana

bass - the lowest voice in Western harmony

bhaashaanga - refers to raagas which take swaras (anya swaras) from raagas other than the parent mElakarta. For example, saaranga takes a M1 which is not in its parent raga kalyaaNi. A raaga may take up to 3 such swaras.

bhaashaanga kanDam - the 3rd section of a raagaanga raaga lakshaNa geetam, in which the names of the bhaashaanga raagas of the melakarta in which the geetam is sung are given in the saahitya

bhaava - bhaava refers to a raaga or song's general expression, a collection of mood, tone, and the gamakas, which create a unique effect. In combination with prayogas, sancaarams, and other aspects of raaga, it allows two raagas to be distinct even when they have the same swaras in their scales, ex: darbar and naayaki

bhagutvam - one of the 13 lakshaNas of a raaga

bhajan - a devotional song, often sung in groups and in religious settings.

bhakti - a rasa, or feeling, of devotion to a god portrayed in songs or raagas, usually. Most Carnatic songs have bhakti rasa.

bhayanaka - a rasa, or feeling, of fear in songs or raagas, shown in raagas such as punnaagavaraaLi

bhu - the 4th combination of da and ni in a cakra, with D2 and N2 or dini, representing the 4th melakarta in any cakra

bibatsa - a rasa, or feeling, of disgust in songs or raagas, shown in raagas such as aThaaNaa

Brahma - god of creation, knowledge, consort of Saraswati

brahma - the 9th cakra, with melakartas having M2, R1 and G3, comprising numbers 49-54

briga - a type of moorcanai gamaka, in which the aarOhana and avarOhana are combined and sung VERY fast.

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updated on 03/20/2009