type: ekanya bhAshAnga (M1) rAgam, madhyama kAla pradhana rAgam
First mentioned music literature in the 18th century. We know the technical aspects of
Saranga from the kritis of Thyagarajar and Muthuswamy Dikshitar. It has bIn mentioned
as a Janya Ragam of Kalyani in GOVINDA's Sankraha ChUdamani. Nothing about the
Bhashanga Swaras for this ragam has bIn mentioned.
It also has 2 other scales: Sa Ri Sa Pa Ma Pa Da Ni Sa,
Sa Ni Sa Da Pa Ma Ri Ga Ma* Ri Sa and Sa Pa Ma Pa Da Ni Sa,
Sa Ni Da Pa Ma Ri Ga Ma* Ri Sa (Ma* is M1).
type: audava sampUrna upanga, can also be sung in madhyama kAlam
cAya swaras: M,D
rasam: karuna, bhakti
The first mention of the ragam Saveri was found in the bUk 'Swaramelakalanidhi' by
Ramamathyar in 1550 B.C. It
was not recognised as a janyam of Mayamalavagowla, but as that of Salanga nata. Salanga
nata is an old ragam in
which Annamacharya has composed several kritis. Tulaja, in his 'SangItha Saramrutham',
and Venkatamakhi , both mention that Salanga nata (or Saranga Nata) and Saveri are the
janyas of Mayamalavagowla. Even though Saveri is a janyam of Mayamalavagowla, there is
a marked difference in the sound effects produced by these two ragams.